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Paradise for geologists

Welcome to incredible Iran: Paradise for geologists!

Give us your hands until to familiar with beauties of Iran. Geological history of Iran is full of events, created widespread volcanic, magmatic and metamorphic outcrops. Thick stratigraphic sequences are naked across the country.

Our country hosts so many major faults, long anticlines and perched synclines, the beauty phenomena for structural geologists. Iran also is the country of Quaternary deposits and landforms extend from mountains top (glaciers) to the hill slope (alluvium) and from there to the lowlands in central Iran where the fascinated deserts, salt lakes, sand dunes and Yardangs have created a very attractive landscape for geologist and geomorphologists.

West of Iran is domain of karstic features, such as beautiful caves and large sinkholes which are formed during the last glacial stage.

Landslides are frequent in everywhere, including the Seimareh landslide with kilometers in length and width, well known as the largest landslide in the world.

The Zagros Mountain is located in the south and southwest of Iran. The famous structural – sedimentary zone contains the largest oil and gas reservoirs.

Our international guests can see the continuous stratigraphic sequence with several kilometers thick from Jurassic up to Pliocene, bare and easily to investigations.

The south of Iran also is the best place for visit unique salt domes, mud volcanoes and recent reefal limestone.

Iran also has an exceptional geographic and climatic conditions. The difference temperature between north and south sometimes reaches to 30 centigrade.

In the North, the shore line of the Khazar Sea, as the largest lake in the world, and its surrounding area with mountainous forest, are the attractive place for millions of tourists in all seasons. In this region, the natural beauties are in your path.

Toward central and southern parts of Iran can enjoy the magnificent and beautiful deserts, Kavirs as well as salt lake and playas have extended far away.

Damavand, Sabalan and Sahand as the most famous volcanoes of Iran and their young volcano-clastic rocks welcome to all volcanologists throughout the world.

There are so many Geo-parks and Geo-sites that increase your familiar with other natural beauties of Iran.

All attractions with low cost traveling, unbeatable security and hospitable people will excite you for travelling to Iran again and again.

“ZaminGasht” is a window to meet you the natural beauty and geological phenomena of Iran. We have numbers of Iranian experts in all branches of geoscience who can identifying natural beauty of Iran to all international geoscientists and geo-tourists.

Dasht-e Loot

Look at the above pictures. What are they? Are they fake images? No!

They are the ASTER images were acquired on May 13, 2006 and July 17, 2003. cover an area of 30 x 45 km, and are located near 30.2 degrees north latitude, 59.1 degrees east longitude. These images represent the beauty of a desert in central Iran.  the center of this place has been sculpted by the wind into a series of parallel ridges and furrows (left image), extending over 150 km and reaching 75m in height. This area is also riddled with ravines and sinkholes. The southeast is a vast expanse of sand, like a Saharan erg, with dunes 300m high (right image), among the tallest in the world.

This desert is called Dasht-e Loot.

Dasht-e Loot (Persian: دشت لوت‎‎) is a large salt desert in Kerman and Sistan and Baluchistan Province, Iran and is the world’s 25th largest desert. The surface of the sand there has been measured at temperatures as high as 70 °C and it is one of the world’s driest and hottest places. It was inscribed to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list on July 17, 2016.

Iran’s geography consists of a plateau surrounded by mountains and divided into drainage basins. Dasht-e Loot is one of the largest of these desert basins, 480 kilometers long and 320 kilometers wide, and is considered to be one of the driest places on Earth. Area of the desert is about 51,800 square kilometers.

During the spring wet season, water briefly flows down from the Kerman mountains, but it soon dries up, leaving behind only rocks, sand, and salt.

The eastern part of Dasht-e Loot is a low plateau covered with salt flats. In contrast, the center has been sculpted by the wind into a series of parallel ridges and furrows, extending over 150 km and reaching 75 meters in height. This area is also riddled with ravines and sinkholes. The southeast is a vast expanse of sand, like a Saharan erg, with dunes 300 meters high, among the tallest in the world.

Measurements of MODIS (Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) installed on NASA’s Aqua satellite from 2003 to 2010 testify that the hottest land surface on Earth is located in Dasht-e Loot and land surface temperatures reach here 70.7 °C though the air temperature is cooler. Precision of measurements is 0.5 K to 1 K.

The hottest part of Dasht-e Loot is Gandom Beryan, a large plateau covered in dark lava, approximately 480 square kilometres in area. According to a local legend, the name (in translation from Persian — “Toasted wheat”) originates from an accident where a load of wheat was left in the desert which was then scorched by the heat in a few days.

Dasht-e Loot of Iran, a desert which contains a collection of exclusive desert relieves and geological and geomorphological records of the world. Such unique perspectives as the biggest Nebkhas of the world, the largest Yardangs or Kaluts of the world, the hottest point of the earth, as well as rare species of desert structures such as salt marshes and salt polygons, Gandom Beryan Hill, massive sand dunes, Barchans, clay zones in pretty shapes, saline river , etc.