Entries by S.M.Mirkazemian سید مجید میرکاظمیان


A lahar is a type of mudflow or debris flow composed of a slurry of pyroclastic material, rocky debris, and water. The material flows down from a volcano, typically along a river valley. Lahars are extremely destructive: they can flow tens of meters per second (22 mph or more), be 140 meters (460 ft) deep, and destroy any structures in their path. A lahar is a volcanic mudflow or debris flow. Lahars have the […]


In geology a bed is the smallest division of a geologic formation or stratigraphic rock series marked by well-defined divisional planes (bedding planes) separating it from layers above and below. A bed is the smallest lithostratigraphic unit, usually ranging in thickness from a centimetre to several metres and distinguishable from beds above and below it. Beds can be differentiated in various ways, including rock or mineral type and particle size. […]

Mila Formation in Central Alborz

The Mila Formation is one of the Cambrian formations in Alborz.  The Mila Formation has 5 measurable members in type section (Mila Kuh, Damghan City). This formation overlies conformably the Early Cambrian Lalun Formation and underlies disconformably the Early Devonian red conglomerates. But on the Chalus road in Central Alborz, four members of this formation […]

Star Valley

The Star Valley, which is called “Estareh Kafteh” in local dialect, is one of the most important erosional phenomena in Iran. this valley is located in south east of Qeshm Island in Persian Gulf. In this valley there is variety of geomorphological phenomena which shaped several interconnected branches of small valleys. Besides the mechanical erosion […]

Namakdan Salt Cave

Namakdan cave is among the most important geosites in the Qeshm Island Geopark (Hormozgan province, Iran). The salt dome (diapir) of Namakdan is a unique structure in the Island including several outstanding structural, mineralogical, erosional and sedimentary sceneries. In this Geosite the world record Namakdan Cave exists, the world longest salt cave, 6500 meters. The […]

Emam hasan member

Gurpi formation is one of the formation in the Folded Zagros. This formation with bluish-green color consist of alternation of marl and grey shale with intercalations of thin bedded limestone. This formation also has two limestone members so called “Emam Hasan” and “Seymareh”. “Emam Hasan limestone member” consist of fine grained limestone, with thick bedded and […]